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Signs and Causes of Bunions

Tuesday, 13 July 2021 00:00

A very common foot condition that causes a bony lump to appear on the base of the big toe is known as a bunion. Bunions occur because the joint is pulled out of alignment, causing the big toe to turn towards the rest of the toes. Bunions tend to worsen over time and common symptoms can include a deformity in the joint of the big toe, a bony lump, pain, redness, swelling, or an overlapping of the big toe over the smaller toes. Bunions can have a variety of causes, such as wearing shoes that don’t fit correctly, arthritis, old age, and even genetics. Bunions can be treated both surgically or non-surgically through methods such as orthotics, or pain relief medicine. If you are experiencing a painful bunion, consulting with a podiatrist is suggested in order to find a treatment method that is best for you.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact one of our podiatrists of Boston Common Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Boston, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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