What is a Fracture?
The bones in the foot work together to support our weight and allow us to walk and run. Certain activities or injuries can cause a fracture, or “break,” in one or more of these bones.
What are the Symptoms of a Fracture?
Pain, swelling, bruising, and difficulty walking are the most common symptoms of a fractured foot.
What causes a Fracture?
Most foot fractures are caused by an incident of direct trauma to the foot as seen in sports-related injuries and accidents. Tripping on uneven ground or off a curb are common causes of foot fractures.
Stress fractures in the foot develop from overuse especially in high impact sports such as distance running, basketball, gymnastics, dance and tennis.
Stress fractures in the foot can also occur without exercise in weakened bones such as in those individuals who have osteoporosis.
Treatment will depend on your injury. If you have a broken bone, Dr. Szpiro may attempt to reduce the fracture, which means lining up the ends of the bones so they can heal properly, after a local anaesthetic is given.
If the fracture is “unstable,” meaning that the ends of the bone do not stay in place after a reduction, surgery may be needed. Metal plates and screws may be used to align the broken bones.
The treatment of stress fractures depends on the location and severity. In addition to rest, protective footwear or a cast may be used.
Wearing shoes that fit properly is important to general foot health and in the prevention of injuries. If you are an athlete, Dr. Szpiro can determine which shoes are best for your sport. Athletic shoes should be replaced yearly with running shoes replaced every 300–400 miles.
Warming up prior to physical activity as well as avoiding running or walking on uneven surfaces can also help prevent foot injuries.
*The above content is based on information provided by the American Podiatric Medical Association.