What is a Neuroma?
A neuroma is a swelling or thickening of a nerve in your body but when it comes to neuromas in your foot, there’s a special name for it, Morton’s neuroma. This type of neuroma typically occurs at the base of the third and fourth toes near the ball of the foot. If neuromas are not treated, they may lead to permanent nerve damage, so consult a Boston podiatry specialist if you think you may have a neuroma in your foot.
What are the Symptoms of Neuromas?
The most common symptoms of neuromas are tingling in toes, numbness in the toes or ball of foot, pain in the ball of the foot. Some people report that it feels like you’re walking on a stone. In severe cases it may cause difficulty in walking. Symptoms typically begin gradually but over time will get progressively worse and more intense.
What Causes Neuromas?
Neuromas can be caused by anything that results in the nerves of the foot to be irritated, but are primarily caused by wearing narrow shoes such as those with a tapered toe, especially when combined with high heels. Unstable footing is another cause, whether it’s wearing shoes that don’t support feet enough or walking on cobblestones or other uneven paving surfaces. An increase in activity such as running or walking can also cause neuromas because of the repetitive impacts. Finally, people prone to getting bunions and hammertoes also seem to be more susceptible to neuromas.
Treatment for Neuromas
The easiest and most effective treatment method is to change the type of shoes you wear. Padding will help as well as reducing or eliminating the activity that caused the neuroma in the first place. Orthotics and injection therapy may be necessary in more severe cases, and surgery if all else fails.