What is a Foot Ankle Surgeon?
Foot and ankle surgeons are the surgical specialists who provide complete medical and surgical care for a variety of conditions affecting the foot and ankle.
Below are of some of the problems that we can surgically correct for you.
Pain, swelling, redness and bruising are signs of a possible fracture. Foot fractures may be caused by certain activities or injuries and are diagnosed by x-rays or other studies. A podiatrist can determine the best treatment course. Oftentimes, rest, icing, and immobilization are the treatments; however surgery is sometimes necessary to repair the fracture.
A bunion (Hallux valgus) looks like a “bump” on the joint of the big toe; however, these bumps are not calluses. Instead they result from the bones in your foot becoming misaligned. More often than not, the big toe is leaning inward towards the middle toe giving the appearance of a bump on the joint. Bunions are a progressive disease that warrants treatment from a podiatrist early on. While some people may never have symptoms, most people experience pain at the base of the big toe near the joint, redness at the big toe joint, pain such as a burning sensation associated with activity, pain when wearing shoes, and numbness in the big toe.
One of the causes of bunions is heredity. You may have inherited a faulty foot bone structure that makes you more prone to bunions. Flat feet are also a culprit and younger patients may be diagnosed with bunions because of hyper-flexibility. While wearing shoes that are too tight, high heels that crowd the toes, and spending a lot of time on your feet won’t cause bunions, these situations can exacerbate the problem and symptoms will appear immediately and be more severe. For these reasons, women are treated for bunions more often than men.
A bone spur (osteophyte) is a bony growth that develops along the edge of a bone. It is most often formed at the joint, where bone meets bone. Bone spurs may go undetected for years, unless they rub against nearby nerves or bones and cause pain. If you’re experiencing pain or loss of motion in a joint, you may have a bone spur. Bone spurs or heel spurs (those that begin at the front of your heel bone and point towards your arch) may be revealed in an x-ray. About half the people who have plantar fasciitis will develop a heel spur.
Corns and calluses on the foot can cause discomfort. Basically, they are thick, hardened layers of skin that develop where friction and/or pressure is present. Corns usually develop on the tops or sides of the toe. Calluses are usually found on the soles of your feet.
The risk of complications from corns and calluses is very low unless you have diabetes or another condition that causes poor circulation to your feet. Corns and calluses are often filed down during a salon pedicure, so it’s important to protect your foot health by being proactive about salon sanitization.